Hydrocodone is a schedule II semi-synthetic opioid medication used to treat pain. Hydrocodone is also an antitussive indicated for cough in adults. Typically it is dispensed as the combination of acetaminophen/hydrocodone or ibuprofen/hydrocodone for pain severe enough to require an opioid and in combination with homatropine methylbromide to relieve cough.
Hydrocodone is a narcotic used to treat torment and as a hack suppressant. It is taken by mouth. Regularly it is apportioned as the blend acetaminophen/hydrocodone or ibuprofen/hydrocodone for torment sufficiently extreme to require a narcotic and in mix with homatropine methylbromide to ease hack.
Hydrocodone is an opioid receptor agonist and produces analgesic effects by activating mu-opioid receptors. Hydrocodone also activates delta-opioid receptors and kappa-opioid receptors as the plasma drug concentration increases beyond typical starting doses. This combination medication is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It contains an opioid pain reliever (hydrocodone) and a non-opioid pain reliever (acetaminophen). Hydrocodone works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain.
Before taking this medicine
- You should not use hydrocodone if you are allergic to it.
- severe asthma or breathing problems; or
- a blockage in your stomach or intestines.
- To make sure hydrocodone is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
- breathing problems, sleep apnea;
- a head injury, brain tumor, or seizures;
- drug or alcohol addiction, or mental illness;
- urination problems;
- liver or kidney disease;
- problems with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid; or
- a heart rhythm disorder called long QT syndrome.
How to use Hydrocodone?
Hydrocodone may be habit-forming, even at regular doses. Follow the directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides. Never use hydrocodone in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Tell your doctor if you feel an increased urge to take more of this medicine. Hydrocodone is utilized to alleviate serious agony. Hydrocodone is simply used to treat individuals who are supposed to require prescription to ease extreme agony nonstop for quite a while and who can’t be treated with different drugs or medicines.
What side effects of Hydrocodone medication cause?
Common side effects
- stomach torment.
- dry mouth.
- cerebral pain.
- back torment.
- muscle fixing.
- troublesome, incessant, or difficult pee.
- ringing in the ears.
- Dry mouth
- Back pain
- Muscle tightening
- Difficult, frequent, or painful urination
- Ringing in the ears
- Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
- Uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
Severe side effects
- Feeling tired
- Skin rash
- Swelling of face, mouth, and throat
- Lack of appetite
- Yellowing of skin and eyes
- Stomach pain
- Trouble breathing
Hydrocodone Overdose Treatment
Due to the dangers of respiratory arrest, restoring oxygen supply through CPR, a ventilator, or reversing respiratory symptoms with medication is the first priority.
Increased awareness of opioid overdose nationwide has led to the use of “opioid overdose toolkits” by first responders and other medical professionals.
These toolkits provide instruction for emergency treatment and include naloxone–an opioid antagonist medication that is administered by injection and:
- Reverses the symptoms of an overdose.
- Prevents brain damage and death from respiratory arrest.
Hydrocodone Overdose`s emergency treatment may include:
- An additional supply of oxygen.
- Gastric suction or “stomach pumping.”
- Use of activated charcoal inside the stomach:
- Absorbs the drugs ingested.
- Prevents further absorption and damage.
- Prevents or reduces acetaminophen poisoning.
Emergency room personnel will continue to monitor symptoms of overdose with appropriate therapies until the risk of severe and permanent harm and death has reduced.
If acetaminophen toxicity is suspected, an ‘antidote’ medication called Mucomyst (acetylcysteine) can be administered to mitigate the extent of liver damage.
Recovering from Hydrocodone`s Overdose
Recover from hydrocodone overdose depends on the amount of medication taken and how soon medical attention is received.
Rapid reversal of symptoms, particularly respiratory arrest, lowers the potential for permanent damage and an individual may return to normal functioning within a few days if the overdose was treated in time.
Hydrocodone overdose cannot be treated without proper emergency medical care.
In cases of opioid medication abuse or dependence, there is help available following an overdose in the form of:
- Detox facilities.
- Residential programs.
- Outpatient treatment.
- Self-help programs.